Economic Determinants of Population Health

Week 5: Economic Determinants of Population Health
Last week, you examined how the Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) impacted population health. Although economic stability is considered one of the social determinants, research has demonstrated the significance of economics solely to health.
Poverty and poor health worldwide are inextricably linked. The causes of poor health for millions globally are rooted in political, social and economic injustices. Poverty is both a cause and a consequence of poor health. Poverty increases the chances of poor health. Poor health in turn traps communities in poverty (Health Poverty Action, n.d.).
As a health care administrator, you want to break that cycle in the community. Therefore, this week you reflect on how economics intermingles with and impacts population health. You examine how economic and social determinants impact a rural health population and develop services to build a healthier community.
Learning Objectives
Students will:
Analyze social and economic determinants that impact rural population health
Evaluate alternative services and programs to support and sustain rural population health
Photo Credit: [Ivan Bliznetsov]/[E ]/Getty Images
Learning Resources
Note: Most journal articles for this course are available online through the Walden Library databases, unless linked directly in the classroom. The Course Readings List contains all of the required Walden Library resources for this course. Please click on the following link to access the applicable list for this course: http://academicguides.waldenu.edu/mmha6200
Required Readings
Nash, D. (2016). Population Health: Creating a culture of wellness. Salsbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett
Chapter 8, “Behavioral Economics”
Review: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Social determinants of health. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/
Review: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Healthy People 2020. (2015d). Determinants of health. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/Determinants-of-Health
Review: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Healthy People 2020. (2015c). Social determinants of health. Retrieved from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-health

 

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Introduction to Concepts of Health and Health Promotion

This module will aim to examine the principles and dynamics of Health Promotion in relation to individual and structural contexts, with consideration of the contribution Health Promotion makes to health and social care.

You will explore different approaches, settings and levels through which health may be promoted; examining the role of Health Promotion within health and social care. Social and Economic determinants of health will be explored in relation to health promotion, education and prevention approaches.

Indicative content:

· Introduction to Concepts of Health and Health Promotion

· Current Issues in Health Promotion

· Theory of Health Promotion

· Assessing Client Needs

· Changing Client Behaviour

· Getting the Health Promotion Message Across

· Ethical Issues in Health Promotion

· Health Promotion Events

Bolton Values and Employability skills: This module also serves to develop employability skills with particular emphasis on the following: (D= Developed, T= Taught, A = Assessed)

PDP: D

Communication Skills: T,A,D

Team Working: T,A,D

Organisation & Planning: T,A,D

Numeracy: T,A,D

Action planning: T,A,D

Initiative: T,A,D

Personal Impact and Confidence: T,A,D

Internationalisation: D

Environmental Sustainability: D

Social, public and ethical responsibility: D

 

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U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Global Health

What are social determinants of health? How do social determinants of health contribute to the development of illness? What is a communicable disease chain? Are there steps that a nurse can take to break a link within the communicable disease chain? Give a specific example.

Readings within your text covering international/global health and the following websites will assist you in answering these questions:

  1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Global Health website:http://www.cdc.gov/cogh/index.htm
  2. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) Global Health website:http://www.globalhealth.gov/index.html
  3. Families USA – Why Global Health Matters—Here and Abroad website:http://www.familiesusa.org/
  4. World Health Organization (WHO) website:http://www.who.int

Module 2 DQ 2

Max Points: 10.0

Select a global health issue impacting the international health community. Briefly describe the global health issue and its impact on the larger health care system (i.e., continents, regions, countries, states, and health departments). How can health care delivery systems work collaboratively to address global health concerns?

Readings within your text covering international/global health and the following websites will assist you in answering these questions:

  1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Global Health website:http://www.cdc.gov/cogh/index.htm
  2. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) Global Health website:http://www.globalhealth.gov/index.html
  3. Families USA – Why Global Health Matters—Here and Abroad website:http://www.familiesusa.org/

World Health Organization (WHO) website:http://www.who.int

Please include all references used in APA format. Thank you.

 

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the influences and interrelationship of physical, social, emotional, psychological and cultural factors to health and lifespan development.

1. Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of
health and lifespan through clear exposition of the
underlying principles and effective application of the
life-course approach to health.
2. Critically analyse the influences and interrelationship
of physical, social, emotional, psychological and
cultural factors to health and lifespan development.
3. Apply social determinants approach to analyse and
address health disparities across the lifespan.
4. Research and review critically to identify health
promotion needs and effective intervention strategies
to address the critical health issues affecting different
populations.
5. Design age appropriate health promotion
interventions tailored to socio-cultural context of
populations.
Context
This assignment assesses the learning outcomes around students’ knowledge and ability to analyse a
critical public health issues using life-course approach taking physical, social, psychological,
emotional and cultural factors into account. Students will examine a critical health issue from the
perspective of health promotion interventions and population level prevention approaches to
address the public health issue. Students will demonstrate key understanding of the sociocultural
factors influencing health and development through a briefing paper providing evidence-based
recommendations to address the critical health issue in a particular health promoting setting. This
PUBH 2017_Assignment 3 Brief Page 2 of 6
assignment will enable student to put evidence into the practice and enhance their professional
writing skills require as a public health practitioner.
A statement may be needed here about what specific skills are developed from this assignment
which may be transferrable to industry such as skills in research and critical appraisal of evidence
and health advocacy.
Instructions
Student will choose one of the following public health issues in a particular community context or
setting to complete this assignment.
1. Childhood obesity
2. Sexual and reproductive health of adolescence
3. Depression during middle years
4. Dementia during later years
Student will complete this assignment in four sections.
Section 1: Introduction (200 words)
Describe the chosen critical health issue using textbooks and evidence based literature, in relation to
casual factors, populations most at risk and key contributing factors to the health issue. Your
introduction should include a statement about what the briefing paper will address (what is the
purpose of the brief).
Problem Description (200 words)
Students will also provide the global, national and regional prevalence of the issue and identify any
trends in the incidents of the problem with a clear justification as to why it is a significant public
health issue for the chosen population age group.
Section 2: Current evidence-based health promotion interventions and approaches
(600 words)
Students will review contemporary research evidence (5-7 years) to identify health promotion
interventions and approaches designed to address the chosen health issue. Investigate the
effectiveness of the interventions and approaches through a critical and comparative analysis,
considering limitations of the evidence you review.
Section 3: Existing gaps in policy, programs and practice (400 words)
Based on your review of the health promotion interventions and approaches (minimum 2), identify
possible gaps in the evidence you have analysed and your understanding of the health issue and
prevention approaches to the issue which may inform practice in your chosen setting.

Attachments:

 

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How do health care reform and managed care affect clinical psychology?

Discuss the following in 150+ words with intext citations and references.

Discussion 1 – Explore contemporary issues in clinical psychology.

Discussion 2 – Discuss the future of clinical psychology as a profession.

Discussion 3 – How do health care reform and managed care affect clinical psychology?

Discussion 4 – Below you will find the link to the APA response to the Supreme Court decision on the Affordable Care Act: http://www.apa.org/news/press/statements/affordable-care-act.aspx

Discussion 5 – APA Health Care Priorities: Records Privacy and Security

Below you will find a link to one of the APA health care priorities, Records Privacy and Security:  Priority: Include strong privacy and security records protection in the development of health information technology, with special attention to mental health records

http://www.apa.org/health-reform/privacy-security.html

Discussion 6 – APA Health Care Priorities: Psychological Research

Below you will find a link to one of the APA health care priorities, Psychological Research: Priority: Increase federal funding for basic and translational psychological and behavioral research and training to develop and evaluate empirically based treatments to improve health care

http://www.apa.org/health-reform/psychology-research.html

Discussion 7 – APA Health Care Priorities: Elimination of Health Care Disparities

Below you will find a link to one of the APA health care priorities, Elimination of Health Disparities:

Priority: Eliminate disparities in mental health status and mental health care through the use of psychological and behavioral research and services that are culturally and linguistically competent

http://www.apa.org/health-reform/health-disparities.html

Discussion 8 –  APA Health Care Priorities: Prevention and Wellness

Below you will find the link to on of the APA health care priorities, Prevention and Wellness:  Priority: Integrate mental and behavioral health care into primary care and other health-care services

 

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Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Healthy People 2020

The Affordable Care Act was signed into law in the spring of 2010 and was followed later in the year by the launch of a 10-year agenda for improving the Nation’s health: Healthy People 2020. According to the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, a department of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the initiative is intended, in part, to help identify national health improvement priorities, strengthen policies and improve practices, achieve health equity and improve the health of all groups (https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/About-Healthy-People).

Information available at the following links will be used in the preparation of this assignment:

  • 2020 Leading Health Indicator Topics  https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/leading-health-indicators/2020-LHI-Topics
  • Who’s Leading the Leading Health Indicators?https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/whosleading.aspx
  • Public Health 3.0https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/tools-resources/public-health-3
  • County Health Rankings & Roadmaps website located at http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/

Select your state on the County Health Rankings & Roadmaps website:

  • Review the most recent state Summary Report(Downloads tab)
  • Review the Health Gaps Report for your state, paying close attention to the Highlighted Health Gapssection that are considered to be meaningful gaps that policymakers and leaders may want to examine more closely.

Prepare a report discussing the meaningful health gaps in your state and how health policies supporting community and national health can help close those gaps. Your report should also include a discussion of differences in health outcomes and health factors between the county ranked #1 in your state and the one ranked the lowest, suggesting county health policies that could help improve the ranking of the latter. Finally, your report should conclude with a summary of how public policies support community and national health.

The body of the report should be 3-4 pages, excluding the title page and references page. The County Health Rankings and the Health Gaps Report must be listed on the references page along with any other references you use in preparing the report. Use the following format for these required references:

  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation & University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute (insert copyright year). (insert state name) Health Gaps Report. Retrieved (insert date) from http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation & University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute (insert copyright year). (insert state name) Summary Report. Retrieved (insert date) from http://www.countyhealthrankings.org
 

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importance and impact of community on health outcomes.

For this assignment, please review both the Course Objectives and Learning Objectives. After reviewing, please describe in your own words how each of the written assignments has applied to all objectives. In addition, please provide a brief summary of how the skills you learned in this course can possibly be used in your public health career. Please provide specific examples.
Course Objectives:

At the completion of the course, the student will be able to:

  • – Understand the importance and impact of community on health outcomes.
  • – Define key concepts in community health analysis, including what compromises a health community, sense of community, community capacity and empowerment.
  • – Describe various models use in large scale community assessments (e.g. MAPP, APEXPH, etc)
  • – Become familiar with the purpose and requirements of the Illinois Project for Local Assessment of Needs.
  • – Understand how to use the MAPP process for community-oriented health assessment and planning.
  • – Describe and utilize methods of primary and secondary data for community health analysis.
  • – Identify sources of secondary data and resources to assist in the process of community health analysis.
  • – Prepare an analysis of community health status and develop plans to address health improvements.
  • – Understand the underlying challenges conducting community health assessment and planning, including developing and sustaining health behavior change.

Learning Objectives:

  • – Develop a community health improvement plan for a chosen community.
  • – Demonstrate competencies in biostatistics, epidemiology, and research methods in the community health analysis and plan.
  • – Demonstrate ethical competencies in the community health analysis and plan.
  • – Demonstrate management competencies in the community health analysis and plan.
  • – Demonstrate environmental health competencies in the community health analysis and plan.
  • – Demonstrate public health biology competencies in the community health analysis and plan.
  • – Demonstrate cultural competence and address health disparities in the community health analysis and plan.
  • – Demonstrate health policy competencies in the community health policy and plan.
  • – Demonstrate social and behavioral competencies in the community health analysis and plan.
  • – Synthesize the core competencies in the community health analysis and plan.

View less »Apr 30 2016 03:50 AM

 

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Influence of Altruistic Organizations on Health and Health Care Practices Associated With a Global Health Care Issue

Background Information and Statistics on a Global Health Care Issue

Provides well-sourced background information and statistics on a global health care issue, and identifies likely causes of the health care issue.

Factors That Impact Health and Health Care Delivery Associated With a Global Health Care Issue

Describes the factors that impact health and health care delivery associated with a global health issue, showing an in-depth understanding of the relationship between a variety of factors and the quality of health care.

Influence of Altruistic Organizations on Health and Health Care Practices Associated With a Global Health Care Issue

Explains the influence of altruistic organizations on health and health care practices associated with a global health care issue, and considers the likely outcomes of being without the aid of the organizations.

How Health Care Decisions and Practices at a Local Level Relate To Health and Health Care Delivery on a Global Scale

Explains how health care decisions and practices at a local level relate to health and health care delivery on a global scale, using relevant real-world examples.

Interventions Implemented To Address a Global Health Care Issue

Describes interventions implemented to address a global health care issue, and includes both conventional and unconventional interventions.

Evidence-Based Interventions to Promote Wellness and Disease Prevention Associated With a Global Health Care Issue

Recommends evidence-based interventions to promote wellness and disease prevention associated with a global health care issue

 

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Factors That Impact Health and Health Care Delivery Associated With a Global Health Care Issue

Background Information and Statistics on a Global Health Care Issue

Provides well-sourced background information and statistics on a global health care issue, and identifies likely causes of the health care issue.

Factors That Impact Health and Health Care Delivery Associated With a Global Health Care Issue

Describes the factors that impact health and health care delivery associated with a global health issue, showing an in-depth understanding of the relationship between a variety of factors and the quality of health care.

Influence of Altruistic Organizations on Health and Health Care Practices Associated With a Global Health Care Issue

Explains the influence of altruistic organizations on health and health care practices associated with a global health care issue, and considers the likely outcomes of being without the aid of the organizations.

How Health Care Decisions and Practices at a Local Level Relate To Health and Health Care Delivery on a Global Scale

Explains how health care decisions and practices at a local level relate to health and health care delivery on a global scale, using relevant real-world examples.

Interventions Implemented To Address a Global Health Care Issue

Describes interventions implemented to address a global health care issue, and includes both conventional and unconventional interventions.

Evidence-Based Interventions to Promote Wellness and Disease Prevention Associated With a Global Health Care Issue

Recommends evidence-based interventions to promote wellness and disease prevention associated with a global health care issue.

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